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  • Apa itu RIL ?

    Defining RIL

    Reduced-Impact Logging (RIL) consists of technologies and practices that are designed to minimize environmental impacts associated with industrial timber harvesting operations. Here the focus is on operations in tropical forests, although the same principles apply to other types of forests as well.

    TFF has now released a generic Standard for RIL which can be used to develop country-specific criteria and indicators.

    In the S.E. Asia context, a RIL operation should normally include the following points :

    1. A Criteria & Indicators interpretation guide is now available for Indonesia.
    2. Pre-harvest inventory and mapping of individual crop trees.
    3. Preparation of accurate, operational scale contour maps.
    4. Pre-harvest planning of roads, skid trails, and landings to provide access to the harvest area and to the individual trees scheduled for harvest while minimizing soil disturbance and protecting streams and waterways with properly engineered crossings.
    5. The development of written environmental and operational standards to guide planning and operational activities and the integration of these standards into the company structure.
    6. The use of controlled felling and bucking techniques including directional felling
    7. The development of written felling and bucking standards to minimize logging waste and to maximize volume and value recovery.
    8. Construction of roads and landings so that they adhere to engineering and environmental design guidelines while minimizing soil disturbance and damage to residual vegetation.
    9. Marking skid trail locations on the ground so the skidder operators can find them easily.
    10. Opening skid trails prior to felling. Minimize soil disturbance during the construction and utilization of skid trails through the application of simple guidelines and adequate supervision
    11. Winching logs to planned skid trails and ensuring that skidding machines remain on the planned skid trails at all times.
    12. On sloping topography, deactivation of skid trails after the operation has been completed (e.g., by cross-ditching) to minimize erosion.
    13. Conducting post-harvest assessments to provide feedback to the timber concession holder and the logging crews, and to evaluate the degree to which RIL guidelines were applied successfully.

     

    For these practices to be applied in a cost-effective and environmentally sound manner, the following prerequisites are essential :

    1. The concession holder and logging operator must be able to provide legal documentation showing that they are legally entitled to harvest the timber within the operational area and that the operation is being conducted in adherence to all applicable laws and regulations.
    2. A detailed set of operational and environmental standards must exist to which the logging operation will conform, and the managerial, planning, and logging crews must all be thoroughly familiar with these standards.
    3. The planning and logging crews must be trained in their respective functions, and they must understand not only what is to be done and how to do it, but also why it is important.
    4. Crews must be provided with proper safety equipment and must be trained in its use and maintenance.
    5. Knowledgeable, well-trained supervisors must be present in the field to oversee the work, to maintain prescribed standards for the operation, and to ensure that the schedule of activities is followed.
    6. Where lodging in a field camp is required, the camp must adhere to sanitary and dietary standards applicable to the jurisdiction in which it is located.
    7. Logging equipment must be suited to the operating conditions and must be maintained in good working condition.
    8. Planning and operational activities must be thoroughly integrated in order to ensure that the plans are properly implemented. This may require adjustments to the company's structural and procedural arrangements.
    9. A management and control system must be in place that will provide timely operating information to the concession holder, the logging manager, and external auditors. Such a system includes detailed job descriptions, staffing information, equipment inventories, standard operating procedures, and similar information.
  • Arsip - indonesia

  • Tropical Forest Foundation Jl. Tumapel Blok O - IV, No. 17 Komplek Cimanggu Permai
  • Tropical Forest Foundation Jl. Tumapel Blok O - IV, No. 17 Komplek Cimanggu Permai
  • Bantuan - indonesia

  • Certification Support Services

    FSC - RIL Verified, Legal VerifiedConsidered by many to represent the crowning recognition of exemplary achievement, FSC certification has long been held up as the ‘holy grail’ of sustainable forest management.

    In belated recognition of the challenges that the FSC standard presents for FMUs, particularly in the tropical world, various advocates of the FSC certification system have proposed elaborate “step-wise” schemes of recognizing progress and achievement towards the goal of certification.

    TFF-Indonesia has inadvertently come to realize that its open approach of engagement and its range of complimentary services, has proven highly successful in encouraging forest management companies to strive for ever increasing measure of excellence.  Most of the companies that first engaged in RIL training are now FSC certified.  Companies who have in the past few years participated in RIL and legal verification activities under TFF sponsorship are now applying for forest certification.

    TFF-Indonesia has become a major proponent of FSC certification in response to the creation of a significant funding platform specifically designed to stimulate forest certification in  Indonesia.

    In January 2010, The Borneo Initiative, a Dutch NGO launched the first round of funding support for Indonesian forest concession with the signing of 5 contracts.  TFF-Indonesia represents 4 of these concession companies.

    On June 28, 2010 the second round of funding will become available and once again, TFF represents the majority of the participating concessions in a technical advisory capacity.

  • FSC GA 2017

    TFF is now well into the implementation of a RIL training program under the USAID funded LESTARI project, except this is RIL training with an important difference.

     

  • F S C-1Belayan River Timber - monocablewww.belayanrivertimber.com

     

    On June 30, 2011, Control Union Certifications awarded the concession of  PT. Belayan River Timber with full FSC certification.  The company’s innovative use of low impact logging technology was, no doubt, an important factor in reaching this decision.


    During the initial years of decentralization, chaos prevailed in the Indonesian forestry sector.  District and Provincial Governments issued harvesting licenses, frequently in contradiction with permits issued by the central Ministry of Forests.   The Government bowed to pressure from the IMF and World Bank to reopen the possibility of log exports.  And illegal loggers took advantage of the resulting chaos to expand their activities throughout Indonesia.

     

    Now that order has been restored, a potential benefit of those chaotic times has emerged in the form of a technical innovation pioneered by the illegal loggers.  The innovation is a simple machine used for pulling logs along the ground through the forest, thus eliminating the need for skid trails from much of  the area being logged.  Local loggers call this the “monocable”.  

     

    It is a scaled up version of extraction equipment commonly used on small private European woodlots but it is manufactured in Samarinda from locally available components.   More importantly, it offers great promise of achieve a number of objectives central to the goals of Reduced Impact Logging.

     

    txt-box resizeFirst of all, it is relatively inexpensive to operate.  Experience to-date suggests that a felling and skidding costs of Rp.90,000/cu.m . is achievable for a skidding distances totaling up to 200 m.

     

    Secondly, since the machine can winch itself into position and then pull logs to the machine from a distance of 100 meters for a maximum of two such set-ups  per operating area, the need for skid trails are eliminated from this area thus dramatically reducing site disturbance, erosion risk, and impact to the residual stand.

     

    Finally, by contracting out a portion of its annual cutting area (RKT) to community based private enterprises, the concession company has an opportunity to stimulate the development of small business and to offer a meaningful way in which local communities can participate in forest concession management thereby creating the basis for a more constructive relationship with its community neighbors.

     

    PT Integra, the new owner of PT Belayan River Timber, is an integrated wood working industry located in Surabaya and specializes in finished and ‘knock down’ furniture, for both indoor and garden applications.  The Intergra ownership has recognized a clearly defined demand for FSC certified Meranti housing components such as scantling, door frames and window frames in the European market.  With the acquisition of the Belayan concession and the installation of an FSC dedicated wood processing facility at its Surabaya complex, Integra expects to capitalize on its new investment of providing high quality, FSC certified housing components to the European  market.

     

    TFF has provided RIL training and technical guidance for certification for Belayan River Timber under The Borneo Initiative certification support program and is pleased to congratulate the management and staff of Belayan for their proactive role in furthering the cause of  reduced impact logging and forest certification.

     

  • Berita TFF

  • Conducting research into the cost and benefits of RIL is inherently complicated. Each study site has its own peculiarities which are extremely difficult to duplicate.

     

    Forest conditions vary from flat to very broken terrain and tree sizes show a similar variability between tropical forest regions of the world. It has become clear that the more broken the terrain and/or the larger the trees, the less difference there will be between conventional logging and RIL logging.

     

    In addition the logging activities themselves are influenced by a wide range of variables such as:

    • Skidding distance
    • Piece size and weight
    • Profile of the skid trail
    • Terrain conditions
    • Soil conditions
    • Weather
    • Machine type and condition
    • Operator experience
    • RIL standards being applied

     

    One of the biggest problems in trying to quantify the costs and benefits of RIL, is the different standards and study methodologies which researchers have applied to this topic. The result of all this variability, is a corresponding lack of uniformity of results in RIL productivity and cost studies.

     

    To-date, one of the most rigorous and definitive studies on RIL costs and benefits, has been the work done through TFF in Brazil. A synopsis of the research results, is available in "Financial Costs and Benefits of Reduced Impact Logging in the Eastern Amazon".

     

    TFF-Indonesia has participated with a number of concession in conducting in-house operational trials intended to give a quick evaluation of the productivity benefits of adopting RIL. Results of such studies will be published in the "RIL & Certification" newsletter from time to time. For the results of a recent study refer to the article "Investigating the Benefits of an RIL System" in the April 2004 issue of the "RIL & Certification Newsletter".

     

  • Biaya dan Manfaat - indonesia

  • BP -  Indonesia

  • bp logo01Harvesting Plan Study for Tangguh Expansion Project of British Petrolium in West Papua. Tangguh Expansion Project (TEP) in Bintuni Bay of West Papua is one of the project sites operated by British Petrolium (BP).

    The TEP is planned to start on the first quarter of 2014 to support onshore LNG construction activities in the first quater of 2015. To support the TEP, BP needs to convert approximately 350 ha of forested lands for establishing the TEP facilities. Conversion of forested lands into other purposes requires a legal permit from the Indonesian governement (c.q. Ministry of Forestry).

    To acquire a legal permit of forest conversion, BP has to comply with the regulation of Ministry of Forestry No. P.14/Menhut-II/2011 regarding 'Izin Pemanfaatan Kayu' (IPK, licence for timber utilization). According to such regulation, BP needs to submit an IPK application complemented by two essential documents: timber cruising report and harvesting plan.

    The project will be organized and implemented by a consortium team of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) who serve as a project leader. In the project implementation, the IPB team will collaborate with a team of Papua University (UNIPA) who is responsible for field data collection, and with a team of Tropical Forest Foundation (TFF) who is responsible for quality assurance of the project and provide technical trainings to the survey teams.

  • British Petrolium

  • Certification

  • Certification Support Services

    FSC - RIL Verified, Legal VerifiedConsidered by many to represent the crowning recognition of exemplary achievement, FSC certification has long been held up as the ‘holy grail’ of sustainable forest management.

    In belated recognition of the challenges that the FSC standard presents for FMUs, particularly in the tropical world, various advocates of the FSC certification system have proposed elaborate “step-wise” schemes of recognizing progress and achievement towards the goal of certification.

    TFF-Indonesia has inadvertently come to realize that its open approach of engagement and its range of complimentary services, has proven highly successful in encouraging forest management companies to strive for ever increasing measure of excellence.  Most of the companies that first engaged in RIL training are now FSC certified.  Companies who have in the past few years participated in RIL and legal verification activities under TFF sponsorship are now applying for forest certification.

    TFF-Indonesia has become a major proponent of FSC certification in response to the creation of a significant funding platform specifically designed to stimulate forest certification in  Indonesia.

    In January 2010, The Borneo Initiative, a Dutch NGO launched the first round of funding support for Indonesian forest concession with the signing of 5 contracts.  TFF-Indonesia represents 4 of these concession companies.

    On June 28, 2010 the second round of funding will become available and once again, TFF represents the majority of the participating concessions in a technical advisory capacity.

  • Certification Support - Past Successes

    Interest in certification has been the driving force for some of TFF's training in RIL. TFF provides workshops to companies interested in certification and also offers an evaluation of forest concession management against existing certification standards.

    In early 2004, TFF secured an arrangement through a Dutch partnership, whereby it would provide professional evaluation and advice, technical support in certification, assistance in establishing chain-of-custody systems, and training in RIL implementation, to two major forest companies situated in Central Kalimantan.

    This arrangement included :

    • trade agreements between Dutch and Indonesian private sector partners
    • analysis of action required to achieve certification including the development of an action plan
    • consultation and advice on technical matters and overall strategy
    • training in RIL
    • assistance in establishing chain-of-custody systems up to and including assessment by an independent auditor,
    • the possibility for direct investment to promote trade and the achievement of FSC certification.

    In September, 2005 the first participating company, PT. Erna Djuliawati was awarded an FSC certificate for sustainable forest management by SmartWood.  FSC certification of the second participating company, PT. Sari Bumi Kusuma was achieved in September 2007.

    TFF continues to build on its successful certification support program by assisting these two forest companies to close off remaining conditions through technical guidance and specific training inputs.

  • Tropical Forest Foundation Jl. Tumapel Blok O - IV, No. 17 Komplek Cimanggu Permai
  • CIFOR - Center for International Forestry Research

  • Inspecting Merbau logsCollaboration with DLH

    VLO Program marks it's first successes...

    TFF and DLH-Nordisk, a Danish importer of tropical timbers, are encouraged by the recent progress in verification of legal origin...