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Five RIL Manuals


Our Service

... we specializes in training for the implementation of Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) and sustainable forest management...


RIL Verified

The forest-market linking program developed by TFF-Indonesia in 2003, is now a full-fledged program that set out to provide strong and transparent assurances of legality of origin to ...


Forest Certification

TFF-Indonesia has become a major proponent of FSC certification in response to the creation of a significant funding platform specifically designed to stimulate forest certification in Indonesia...


NASA - Winrock Project

NASA Winrock01With funding from the NASA Carbon Monitoring System, a consulting group Applied GeoSolutions (AGS) is leading an effort to improve forest monitoring capabilities in Indonesia. The project team, with members from Winrock, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the University of New Hampshire, Wageningen University, and the University of Virginia, is working closely with LAPAN, the Indonesian space agency, to collect and analyse LiDAR imagery from across Kalimantan.  TFFs role is to collect biomass data in various forest concessions where LiDAR coverage has been acquired.

D A F F  Project

AUS agri for fishTFF has recently completed all activities under an Australian Government, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) grant under the Asia Pacific Forestry Skills and Capacity Building Programme (APFSCBP). Funding had been provided in support of the TFF “Forest-Market Linking Program” which involves training in RIL as well as baseline assessments for legality and CoC audits. Together with the RAFT project, the grant from the Australian project has greatly assisted in enabling TFF to deliver on all RIL training requests.

R A F T  Project

RAFTThe Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade (RAFT) program, builds on the successes of the Global Development Alliance, a USAID-sponsored program in Indonesia, and applies lessons learned on a regional scale. RAFT works with forest producers in Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Papua New Guinea. Additionally, RAFT works in other countries such as China, Japan, Singapore, members of the European Union, and the U.S. to address procurement and investment policies that promote the legal timber trade.

I T T O  Project

itto logo The International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) has issued an invitation to small and medium private sector forest companies in ITTO member countries, to participate in pilot schemes to test the feasibility of adopting timber tracking systems as a means of strengthening forest law governance and enforcement and promoting the production and trade of timber from legally and sustainably managed forests.

B P Project

bp logo01Harvesting Plan Study for Tangguh Expansion Project of British Petrolium in West Papua. Tangguh Expansion Project (TEP) in Bintuni Bay of West Papua is one of the project sites operated by British Petrolium (BP). The project was organized and implemented by a consortium team of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) as a project leader. In the project implementation, the IPB team was collaborating with a team of Papua University (UNIPA) responsible for field data collection, and with a team of Tropical Forest Foundation (TFF) responsible for quality assurance of the project and provide technical trainings to the survey teams.


usaid logo The USAID IFACS project is designed to help the government of Indonesia conserve the country’s tropical forests, wildlife, and ecosystem services (including generation of clean water, reduction of soil erosion, food security, and carbon sequestration). IFACS seeks to achieve its goals by working with a variety of government, NGO, and private sector partners in eight landscapes across the country in order to promote and train partners in the adoption of best management practices (BMP). TFF joins the IFACS project in the third year of a four year project with the task of training forest concessions in the adoption of BMP as defined by TFFs RIL Standard. TFF will provide training to eleven natural forest concessions and implement this training program over a three year period.

G I Z Project

GIZ With the Forests and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME), Germany supports Indonesia's efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry sector, to conserve forest biodiversity, and to implement sustainable forest management. An agreement between FORECLIME and TFF was signed in 2014, to conduct a comparative study of logging as conventionally carried out in Indonesia and a reduced impact logging (RIL) management regime where the principles and practices of reduced impact logging have been applied. The study sought to influence practices in the RIL study area in order to evaluate key metrics such as machine productivity, soil disturbance, utilization of main stem volume, and retention of biomass.

Armstrong World Industries, Inc.

Armstrong Armstrong World Industries, Inc., the world’s largest hardwood flooring company, is partnering with the Tropical Forest Foundation (TFF) to promote responsible forest management practices. Armstrong requires its wood suppliers to adhere to all applicable laws and regulations, including those covering raw materials and labor. Less than five percent of the Company’s wood purchases come from tropical forests. In those instances, Armstrong requires suppliers to produce documentation verifying their adherence to national and international rules and regulations governing specific tropical wood species.

K f W / GFA Project

gfa logo01 One of the goals of ForClime FC is to encourage sustainable forest management within its project areas by developing management models that can be tested and scaled up. In collaboration with PT Sumalindo who are managing a logging concession in Berau, East Kalimantan under long term license. ForClime FC has identified a need to investigate the logging practices of PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya IV to see if the application of RIL could reduce environmental damage and be more cost effective than conventional logging, thus demonstrating an incentive to implement practices which reduce carbon emissions through better retention of forest biomass.  TFF will implement a study to compare logging as conventionally carried out in Indonesia, to a logging regime where the principles and practices of reduced impact logging have been applied.  The objective of this study will allow the environmental, ecological and cost aspects to be compared as well as setting the stage for a comparison of the potential for reduction of carbon emissions through improved forest management.

TFF Legality Standard

(For use with forest management units located in state forests (HA, HT)



The goal of the TFF-Indonesia program can be summarized as follows:

  1. To promote sustainable tropical forest management by gathering and disseminating information about its benefits and by demonstrating and teaching proper management practices.
  2. To promote the trade in forest products manufactured from legally sourced and sustainably managed timber.

TFF’s work in promoting sustainable forest management, legality, and chain-of-custody, is intended to be available for wide participation. With this in mind, TFF seeks to validate its activities through broad-based participation with other organizations having similar goals and thus achieve credibility and transparency through third party audit and verification of it’s activities related to these primary goals.

TFF’s initiative in relation to legality is intended to stimulate the achievement of sustainable forest management. The use of a legality standard should be viewed as an effort to address market concerns and, to provide stimulus to the forest management unit to improve management practices.

TFF views legality verification as a “business-to-business” issue that in no way usurps the priority of the Government mandate in regards to the administration and management of the country’s forest resources.


A preoccupation with legality and verification of origin issues, particularly in the European markets, is a direct reflection of the growing awareness among concerned NGO’s and agencies in these market areas, of the magnitude of unregulated and illegal harvesting and trading of logs and wood products which is occurring in many developing countries. An additional concern is the accelerating loss of forest area in many tropical regions. Awareness of these issues has resulted in pressure being exerted on importers of forest products to seek verification of the legality and origin of these products.

The Government of Indonesia has created a system of documentation and permits designed specifically to prevent illegal timber from entering the international market. Under this system, only shipments of forest products accompanied by the authorized documentation, are considered legal. The Government of Indonesia has publicized this system widely within the UK and other member countries of the EU, however, due to the perception that these documents can be bought or falsified, skepticism of this system remains strong and the need for an independent audit procedure is repeatedly raised.

This in turn, has prompted a debate on the definition of legality (within the Indonesian context) and has resulted in various initiatives to define legality as it relates to the harvesting, processing, and trade of forest products.

The Tropical Forest Foundation has been an active participant in this debate from the beginning, and has been among the pioneers in crafting a credible response to address market concerns on the issue of legality of Indonesian forest products.

Two Steps – Two Standards

The TFF forest-market linking initiative is the context of TFF’s work on legality issues. Under this initiative, TFF has adopted a “step-wise” approach for engagement with forest management companies at the concession and the industry level.

Legal Verified logoThe first level is an agreement on the part of the forest management company to implement RIL management strategies on it’s entire annual operating area within a two year time frame. In recognition of this commitment, TFF will issue the “Legal Verified” mark based on a successful, third party audit against legality and chain-of-custody standards. The legality definition considered most appropriate for this mark is the “TFF Standard of Legal Origin”. However, a forest management company may chose to be audited against the higher “TFF Standard of Legal Compliance”.

RIL Verified logoThe second level is a recognition of successful implementation of RIL management practices verified by independent, third party audit against the TFF RIL Standard. In recognition of this achievement, TFF will issue the “RIL Verified” mark. The legality definition required to substantiate this mark is the “TFF Standard of Legal Compliance (v.5.0)”. Existing certificates granted under version 4.2 will be upgraded during the first annual surveillance audit.

Context and References

The TFF forest-market linking program is intended to stimulate the adoption of reduced impact logging and the achievement of sustainable forest management by providing a credible vehicle for market recognition. The RIL Standard and the legality definitions associated with the forest-market linking program, are available for general use upon agreement with TFF as specified in the Standard for Reduced Impact Logging document. TFF will apply the following legality definitions when assessing a forest management unit for purposes of recognizing achievements in the adoption of RIL. Under agreement with TFF, other certification systems may use the following legality standards or legality standards which are equivalent or more rigorous than those used by TFF.

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